ISDS 601               THE THEORY AND METHOD OF DEVELOPMENT

This course is designed to deepen participants’ comprehension of the multi-disciplinary nature of development and therefore the need to employ concepts that defy barriers imposed by specific disciplines in definition and analyses. There is the need for problem-solving and goal-oriented approaches in developing analyses.

Crucial to this, is the meaning and centrality of human development in analyses. Theories on development as espoused by economists, e.g. Bauer, Clark, Hirschmann, Lewis, Myrdal, Prebisch, Rosenstein-Rodan, Rostow, Singer and Tinbergen; by social development theorists e.g. Comte, Marx, Boeke, Talcott Parsons, Hunter, Lipton, Weber et al; and by political development theorists like Apter, Almond, Hurtington, Lipset, Diamond et al.

ISDS 602                 RESOURCE ALLOCATION AND PROJECT APPRAISAL

Areas of study for this course are: Rational and systematic investment decision making in terms of the expected costs and benefits of projects; financial analysis and economic analysis; market prices; shadow prices, externalities and pollution; net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR).

ISDS 603                       RESEARCH METHODS AND TECHNIQUES

This course is intended to acquaint participants with basic skills in both quantitative and qualitative analyses for development planning.

Areas of study are: the use of secondary and primary data in analyses; techniques for generating or obtaining access to research data; tools of analysis; survey designing; sampling techniques, questionnaire design and choice of indicators, etc.

Others are: introduction to matrix algebra and econometrics, economic model-building, general linear model and multi-variate regression analysis, simulation exercises and procedure, the uses of input-output models for forecasting, linear programming and its applications, integer programming and its application and project planning and scheduling techniques.

ISDS 604                      PRACTICAL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING WORKSHOP

The practical Development Training Workshop exposes students to empirical development problems and field experiences in development practice. It also provides guidance for the solution of development problems. It therefore involves field trips, role playing, computer applications, map work, and participatory community development.

The objective of the Practical Development Training Workshop is to ensure that the students are able to build and develop the capability of solving development problems after their training from the Graduate Programme.

ISDS 605                     DEVELOPING PLANNING

This course will seek to introduce students to the concept and techniques of integrated development planning, techniques for integrating economic and social development planning into spatial analyses and planning.

Other areas are: development plan preparation, execution, monitoring and evaluation; techniques for aligning sectoral goals with human development and economic and spatial development goals and principles and procedures of national budget preparation.

ISDS 606                     POLICY ANALYSIS

The course is intended to equip participants with tools of policy analysis which can be used for the analysis of development problems in different sectors of society.

Areas of study are; the determination of the question the policy maker is seeking to answer; the nature of the interrelationships involved in the various policy elements or components; alternative policy options or outcome of potential policy changes and the choice of most viable policy alternatives.

Various analytical techniques including system dynamics, econometric models and other relevant techniques will be employed to: analyse the dynamic interrelationships among the policy components; simulate the alternative policy options over time to determine the most viable policy option; forecast the policy alternatives and options.

ISDS 607                   ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The course entails looking at Economic growth versus economic development; structures of developing economies; the study of domestic economic issues: growth, poverty, population; urbanization, migration, income distribution, education and human resources development.

Macroeconomic and sectoral policy issues, trade and development and debt issues as well as balance of payments problems will be studied. Other areas of study include adjustment to internal and external imbalances.

ISDS 612                   SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

The areas of study are: the introduction to social theories of development and their relevance, culture, social values and development as well as population and development.

Other areas are: women and family in social change; family cycles, changing roles, modern trends; Education and development; relevance, cost of education and employment and social class and elitism.

Other topics are Urbanisation and industrialization in developing countries and Rural Development -problems and strategies.

Under Concepts and strategies of integrated development are: social planning; resources, objectives, structures and institutions and implementation; Social indicators: identification, construction and problems as well as Social change and development –trends in the 20th century.

ISDS 614                   SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT

The course focuses on the genesis of Science and Technology Policies in Ghana and their significance for Science and Technology Policy formulation and planning in Ghana. The future perspectives for Science and Technology Planning and Development in Ghana including –Monitoring and evaluation of

Science and Technology Policies will be discussed.

Science and Technology and Development

1. Historical policies of Science and Technology in Ghana;

2. Science and Technology Policy Formulation and Planning in Ghana;

3. What are then the future perspectives for Science and Technology Planning and Development of Ghana?

ISDS 616                       GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT

Topics under this course are: The genesis of women and gender studies; women’s movements and organisations, and their significance for development planning.

Also included are Gender, work and power; division of labour, access, control and ownership of material resources: decision-making and authority in relation to the household.

The rest are the economic and political sectors of society; agriculture, non-farm occupations, health, education, legislation and Gender-oriented policy planning and project implementation.

ISDS 617                       ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

The course will look at Environmental planning and management; sustainable development and consider Interrelationships between environment and development.

Key environmental issues as reflected in the state of the environment and development policy; problems and solutions will be treated.

Other topics are: Current management techniques and prospects for the future; Environmental policy issues Institutional capacity for environmental planning and management Environmental technology.

ISDS 618                     RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

The course focuses on planning and managing both human and material resources for development. It will also look at Human (manpower) resource planning and management; education and training; recruitment, conditions of service and job assignments.

Other topics are: Material resource planning and management: land, water and domestic resources; Diversification of the economy; creation of viable investment

climate; development of infrastructural facilities and development of non-traditional exports.

Inventory control and maintenance

ISDS 619                   INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND TRADE

Topics for study under this course are: Theories of international economics and trade; resource endowment and Comparative advantage; gains.

Others are: Multinational Corporations; movements of capital and skilled labour; investments and transfer of technology and Debts.

The rest are: Trade organisations; restrictions, imperfections; distortions and measures of distortions and Special commodity; markets; spot markets; commodity exchange markets; futures markets.

Other areas to be treated include: Pricing of tradeable commodities; cost-plus method; border prices; terms of trade; shadow prices and International payments; exchange rates; letters of credit; retention and repatriation of earnings and Trade and balance of payments.

ISDS 620                   AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

The following topics come under this course: The ethics and concepts of Agricultural development; the nature and setting of traditional agriculture; the role of agriculture in economic development and Resource base for Agricultural development; land, climate, labour capital and technology.

Others are: Agricultural development; objectives, policies and strategies; the experiences of Agricultural development; small and large scale agriculture and collective and private ownership agriculture.

ISDS 621                   SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT

The following topics will be studied under this course: Spatial planning and development; the concept of regional disparities and national development and location theory, central place theory and concept of growth poles.

Others are: Classification of human settlements and regional resource capacity analysis; Decentralised territorial and agropolitan approaches to development and functional -spatial integration and Empirical decentralised development policies, field experiences from Ghana and other developing countries.

ISDS 622                   POLITICS AND DEVELOPMENT

i. The course focuses on Africa, treating selected African countries comparatively with some reference to Latin American countries.

Other topics are: The concepts of development and under-development; imperialism; Third World; the post-colonial state; politics as power; groups.

ii. Under Politics and society in the Third World, the following topics will be taught: Political and economic change in post –colonial societies, political reforms and revolutions in the Third World; The position of the Third World in the global system and The search for political stability; political reform, party systems and the role of the military and also Authoritarianism, democracy and transitions to democracy.

SDS 624                     DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION

The course deals with concepts in Administration concerning how to organize a public administration system in order to accelerate national development. It also examines some of the practices and processes in the field, as well as strategies adopted to facilitate development.

The course will entail examining: The Concept of the Third World; The nature of Development Administration; The meaning and Approaches to the study of development and Policy making and Implementation.

Others include: Planning and Budgeting; Aspects of Public Personnel Administration –Merit System and Motivation for development and Performance Appraisal Project Analysis/Management.

The rest are: The role of the government in development process and Regulating Development –the role of regulatory administration as an instrument of development.

The course entails examining the Administrative capacity for development, Obstacles to Development Administration, Measures for increasing Productivity and The Military and National Development as well as National Development Vrs. Rural Development.

The rest are: Administrative Issues posed by various development strategies: Capital Intensive Vrs. Labour Intensive; Socialism Vrs. Capitalism and Mixed system; Rural Vrs. Urban Import; Substitution Vrs. and Export Promotion; Public enterprise and Privatization; Ascertaining development needs at various levels –nation, region, town and village and Organization and Management Methodology.

ISDS 630                         MA SEMINAR

All students in a Department or Programme at this level are expected to attend all seminars specified and be made to give at least one seminar on a review article which, may or may not be in their area of intended research. This should be in the first semester.

In the second semester, each student should make a presentation on his/her dissertation proposal and also attend all seminars at the Department. Both presentations should be graded using a common format designed and should earn each student a total of 3 credits.

ISDS 640                         M.PHIL SEMINAR

For year 2, each student will make a presentation soon after the Year I examinations on his/her Thesis Research Proposal and also present a progress report midway into the second semester. These will be assessed for 3 credits